LIFE AND ACTIVITY OF THE TEMURID PRINCESS GAVHARSHOD BEGIM
During the years of independence the rich spiritual heritage, national values, including the role of great ancestor Amir Temur in the history of world culture have been restored and a special attention was paid to studying and propagating the history of the Temurids. Amir Temur left behind not only his great descendants, but also good traditions as a heritage. All the Timurids continued Amir Temur’s works in the field of prosperity, justice in the country, science, culture and art. Looking back on history, we may be convinced that not only Temurid princes, but also Temurid princesses were talented politicians, professional scholars and talented poets. They left an indelible mark on the history. One of such queens Gavharshod is the matchless princess of the Timurid era, a patron of science, culture and art, the mother of Mirzo Ulugbek. Since Gavharshod was the queen of Herat, she has a unique role in the common history of Uzbek and Afghan peoples. Therefore, according to the the agreements reached during the official visit of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on December 4-6, 2017, ratified by the Decree of the Presidium of the Cabinet of Ministers on December 11, 2017, International scientific and practical symposium on the theme of Life and activity of the Temurid princess Gavharshod Begim was held in the conference hall of the State Museum of the Temurid History on 9 December 2018 by the State Museum of the Temurid History under the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Culture of Uzbekistan and the International Philanthropic Social Fund of Amir Temur in cooperation with the Afghanistan-Uzbekistan Friendship Society dedicated to the life and activity of the princess Gavharshod Begim.
The symposium was attended by the Minister of Culture of Uzbekistan Bakhtiyor Sayfullaev, Vice-President of the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences, Prof. Bahrom Abduhalimov, Deputy Head of the President Administration of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ilhom Faridun, Deputy Head of the Department of Cultural Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Muhammad Rahim Pirzoda, the Chairman of the Uzbek-Afghan Friendship Society Abdurahim Mannonov and they welcomed the participants.
At the symposium, Afghan speakers were also present at the event together with local scientists. Following papers on the subject were delivered by some researchers such as Description of Gavharshod Begim and other Temurid princesses in the manuscripts of that period by Dilorom YUSUPOVA academician, ScD, professor at the Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy, Life and activity of Gavharshod Begim by Khurshid FAYZIEV, PhD, the director of the State Museum of the Temurid History, Gavharshod Begim Queen of the Civilization and Renaissance Age by Faouzia Aral HABIBI, specialist in Regional Connectivity – Office of Chief Advisor to the President (Afghanistan), Gavharshod Begim is a proponent of enlightenment among the Temurid princesses by Muhammad ALI, People’s Writer of Uzbekistan, Herat Girl, Queen of Khurasan Malika Gavharshod Begim by Mohammad Edris TAWAKOL, legal expert at the Office of Chief Adviser to the President (Afghanistan), Gavharshod and exploration of architectural styles by the Temurids by Shukur ASKAROV, ScD, professor at the Tashkent Institute of Architecture and Construction, Influence of Gavharshod Begim’s creative activity today and in the past by Muhammad Rafiq QODIRIY, executive secretary of the journal “Vatandoron” published in Uzbek (Afghanistan), Construction activity of Gavharshod Begim as a development factor of the architecture in Khorasan and Transoxiana by Mavluda YUSUPOVA, Institute of Art under Uzbekistan Academy of Science, Gavharshod Begim is in the view of Afghan people by Aral AZIZULLAH, Master of Philology, PhD Student, Director of “Bonu” television, Kabul (Afghanistan), Women in the state affairs of the Temurids by Omonullo BORIEV, PhD, Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy, Azizjon SHARIPOV, The State Museum of the Temurid History, Women of the Temurid epoch in the Eastern miniatures by Zuhra RAHIMOVA, PhD, professor at the National Institute of Arts and Design named after Kamaliddin Behzad, Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur’s views about the Temurid princesses by Abdumajid MADRAIMOV, ScD, professor , The State Museum of the Temurid History, Image of Babur in “Humayunnama” by Gulbadan Begim by Ahmadjon QURONBEKOV, ScD, professor at the Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies, Role of the Temurid princesses in social life by Jannat ISMAILOVA, ScD, director of the State Museum of Uzbekistan History, Technology of manuscript making in the Temurid period by Nozim KHABIBULLAEV, PhD, The State Museum of the Temurid History, Diligences of the Temurid princesses to educate princes by To‘lqin HAYIT, Honoured Culture Worker of Uzbekistan, Center of Islamic Civilization of Uzbekistan, Importance of the Temurid princesses in social affairs by Sevinch ULASHOVA, Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy, Interpretation of Gavharshod Begim’s political activities in research works by Farruh AVAZOV, The State Museum of the Temurid History.
At the closing session of the symposium, it was noted that such events would contribute to further development of scientific, cultural and educational relations between the countries of Uzbekistan and Afghanistan.